iOS关于接口NSURL里边混合中文及其他特殊字符

接口里边混合:中文空格特殊字符...项目很长时间了,代码量级很大,想要修改怕是几天几夜不能睡觉(稍微夸张);

####那么有没有更高效更安全的解决办法,不用更改一点代码,答案是:肯定的!!!

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解决思路:在执行URLWithString方法的时候,进行处理,那么就需要运用到runtime上无所不能的,交换方法接口:

引入run time专用头文件#import <objc/message.h>

method_exchangeImplementations(Method m1, Method m2)

eg:

1.www.baidu.com/中文

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NSURL *url = [NSURL URLWithString:@"www.baidu.com/中文"];
NSLog(@"url=%@",url);
打印出来:url=nill

2.www.baidu.com

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NSURL *url = [NSURL URLWithString:@"www.baidu.com"];
NSLog(@"url=%@",url);
打印出来:url=www.baidu.com

所以这样两种情况在项目中会很常见,下面我们用分类的方法来解决这件头痛的事情:
cmd+N
新建一个分类

cateory.png

url.png

(NSUrl + url).png

我们知道一个类Class调用的时候最先调用的方法是

##加载类的load方法
+ (void)load

开始上代码:

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//  NSURL+url.h
//
// Created by 窦心东 on 2017/6/2.
// Copyright © 2017年 窦心东. All rights reserved.
//

#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>

@interface NSURL (url)

+(instancetype)XD_URLWithString:(NSString *)URLString;

@end
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//
// NSURL+url.m
//
// Created by 窦心东 on 2017/6/2.
// Copyright © 2017年 窦心东. All rights reserved.
//

#import "NSURL+url.h"
#import <objc/message.h>
@implementation NSURL (url)
//加载类的load方法

+ (void)load{
NSLog(@"来到这%s",__func__);
//1.拿到两个方法 苹果原来的URLWithString 和XD_URLWithString 交换两个方法
//class_getClassMethod获取类方法 class_getInstanceMethod获取对象方法
Method URLWithStr = class_getClassMethod([NSURL class], @selector(URLWithString:));
Method XD_URLWithStr = class_getClassMethod([NSURL class], @selector(XD_URLWithString:));
//2.交换这两个方法 调用A执行B
method_exchangeImplementations(URLWithStr, XD_URLWithStr);

}
+(instancetype)XD_URLWithString:(NSString *)URLString{
//NSURL *url = [NSURL URLWithString:URLString];
//上边这一句会出现死循环,因为交换机制调用URLWithString执行XD_URLWithString那么
//直接调用XD_URLWithString,因为刚才通过了交换,就相当于调用URLWithString,就像大话西游上移神换影大法😄
NSURL *url = [NSURL XD_URLWithString:URLString];
if (url == nil) {
NSString * urlstr = [URLString stringByAddingPercentEncodingWithAllowedCharacters:[NSCharacterSet URLFragmentAllowedCharacterSet]];
url = [NSURL URLWithString:urlstr];
// NSLog(@"该URL为空") ;
return url;
}else{
return url;
}

}
@end
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//
// ViewController.m
// Created by 窦心东 on 2017/6/2.
// Copyright © 2017年 窦心东. All rights reserved.
//

#import "ViewController.h"
#import <objc/message.h>
@interface ViewController ()

@end

@implementation ViewController

- (void)viewDidLoad {
[super viewDidLoad];
// Do any additional setup after loading the view, typically from a nib.


//创建一个URL 但是有可能为空
//如果字符串有中文,这个URL就创建不成功,那么我们发送请求就会出错 oc中没有对URL为空的监测机制 Swift里面有可选项
//我需要为URLWithString这个方法添加一个检测是否为空的功能 这个在持续好久的项目中作用特别大,不用改动原来的代码就可以实现
NSURL *url = [NSURL URLWithString:@"www.baidu.com/中文"];
NSLog(@"url=%@",url);
}

- (void)didReceiveMemoryWarning {
[super didReceiveMemoryWarning];
// Dispose of any resources that can be recreated.
}


@end
#运行结果:
2017-06-08 11:27:18.051 06-02 [26223:7685365] 来到这+[NSURL(url) load]
2017-06-08 11:27:18.160 06-02[26223:7685365] url=www.baidu.com/%E4%B8%AD%E6%96%87

over
有个方法值得注意:

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[URLString stringByAddingPercentEncodingWithAllowedCharacters:[NSCharacterSet URLFragmentAllowedCharacterSet]];

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@interface NSString (NSURLUtilities)
//Returns a new string made from the receiver by replacing all characters not in the allowedCharacters set with percent encoded characters.
UTF-8 encoding is used to determine the correct percent encoded characters.
Entire URL strings cannot be percent-encoded.
This method is intended to percent-encode an URL component or subcomponent string, NOT the entire URL string.
Any characters in allowedCharacters outside of the 7-bit ASCII range are ignored.
返回一个新的字符串由接收方通过替换所有字符与百分比allowedCharacters集编码字符。utf - 8编码被用来确定正确的百分比编码字符。不能percent-encoded整个URL字符串。这种方法旨在percent-encode组件或子组件的URL字符串,而不是整个URL字符串。外的任何字符allowedCharacters 7位ASCII范围将被忽略。

#ios7.0及之后开始添加此方法

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- (nullable NSString *)stringByAddingPercentEncodingWithAllowedCharacters:(NSCharacterSet *)allowedCharacters
NS_AVAILABLE(10_9, 7_0);

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// Returns a new string made from the receiver by replacing all percent encoded sequences with the matching UTF-8 characters.
返回一个新的字符串由接收方通过替换所有百分比与匹配的utf - 8字符编码序列。

#ios7.0及之后开始添加此属性

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@property (nullable, readonly, copy) NSString *stringByRemovingPercentEncoding NS_AVAILABLE(10_9, 7_0);

.

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- (nullable NSString *)stringByAddingPercentEscapesUsingEncoding:(NSStringEncoding)enc

NS_DEPRECATED(10_0, 10_11, 2_0, 9_0, “Use -stringByAddingPercentEncodingWithAllowedCharacters: instead,
which always uses the recommended UTF-8 encoding,
and which encodes for a specific URL component or subcomponent
since each URL component or subcomponent has different rules for what characters are valid.”);

#ios9.0及之后开始弃用此方法
使用-stringByAddingPercentEncodingWithAllowedCharacters:相反,它总是使用推荐utf - 8编码,编码为一个特定的URL组件或子组件由于每个URL组件或子组件有不同的规则,什么角色都是有效的。

.

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- (nullable NSString *)stringByReplacingPercentEscapesUsingEncoding:(NSStringEncoding)enc

NS_DEPRECATED(10_0, 10_11, 2_0, 9_0, “Use -stringByRemovingPercentEncoding instead,
which always uses the recommended UTF-8 encoding.”);

#ios9.0及之后开始弃用此方法
使用-stringByRemovingPercentEncoding相反,总是使用推荐的utf - 8编码。
@end

推荐文章:
http://www.jianshu.com/p/21a21866e379
http://nshipster.cn/nscharacterset/

NSCharacterSet